Cholecystitis is inflammation of the gallbladder. It is often called a gallbladder attack. The gallbladder is a pear-shaped organ that lies beneath the liver on the right side of the body. The gallbladder stores bile, which is a fluid that helps the body to digest fats. If bile builds up in your gallbladder, your gallbladder becomes inflamed. This condition may occur suddenly (be acute). Repeat episodes of acute cholecystitis or prolonged episodes may lead to a long-term (chronic) condition. Cholecystitis is serious and it requires treatment.


What are the causes?

The most common cause of this condition is gallstones. Gallstones can block the tube (duct) that carries bile out of your gallbladder. This causes bile to build up. Other causes of this condition include:

What increases the risk?

This condition is more likely to develop in:

What are the signs or symptoms?

Symptoms of this condition include:

How is this diagnosed?

This condition is diagnosed with a medical history and physical exam. You may also have other tests, including:

How is this treated?

Treatment may include:

Follow these instructions at home:

Home care will depend on your treatment. In general:

Contact a health care provider if:

Get help right away if: